Electrifying Road Trips to and from National Parks in the Western United States

Dong-Yeon (D.-Y.) Lee, Matt Moniot

Research output: NRELPresentation


We evaluate charging infrastructure requirement for electrified long-distance travels to/from national parks in the Western U.S. We conduct a high-resolution spatial and temporal analysis of road trips in the region, accounting for detailed travel volume and pattern, the type of electric vehicles, heterogeneous energy consumption rates depending on driving conditions, charging technology (e.g., power and speed), and charging behavior. The scope includes on-route (or way-point) charging as well as destination charging (in national parks). We estimate the locations and sizes of required charging stations in the entire Western U.S. to enable electrified road trips to/from national parks. We also examine environmental justice and energy equity aspects of projected charging infrastructure (for national parks) in the context of the overall vehicle electrification and charging infrastructure build-out.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages11
StatePublished - 2022

Publication series

NamePresented at the 29th International Symposium on Sustainable Systems and Technology (ISSST) Conference, 21-23 June 2022, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-5400-83307


  • charging infrastructure
  • electric vehicle
  • equity
  • long-distance travel
  • national parks
  • road trip
  • rural electrification
  • seasonal variation


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