Electro-Optical Stability in Gallium Magnesium Zinc Oxide Layers for CdTe Solar Cells

Tursun Ablekim, Brian Good, Imran Khan, Matthew Reese, Andriy Zakutayev, Wyatt Metzger

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


In CdTe solar cells, the emitter electron density, bandgap, and band alignment can be tuned by adjusting alloy composition and stoichiometry in gallium magnesium zinc oxide (GMZO) layers, thereby allowing for critical front interface engineering. For example, computational modeling indicates efficiency can change from 7% to 25% by adjusting these buffer properties even with fixed CdSeTe and CdTe material properties. However, the GMZO as-deposited electro-optical properties can shift during subsequent CdTe deposition, CdCl2 annealing, and solar cell operation. Here, we examine these changes by sputtering GMZO films on glass, and measuring the electron density before and after post-deposition treatments over a range of temperatures and different ambients. We then compare GMZO to SnO2 and MZO. The addition of Ga to MgZnO is found to have profound effects on both the electron density and electro-optical stability that should be advantageous for CdTe solar cells.

Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages3
StatePublished - 14 Jun 2020
Event47th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2020 - Calgary, Canada
Duration: 15 Jun 202021 Aug 2020


Conference47th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 IEEE.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5K00-75944


  • GMZO films
  • solar cells


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