Electroluminescence Mapping of CuGaSe2 Solar Cells by Atomic Force Microscopy

Manuel J. Romero, C. S. Jiang, J. Abushama, H. R. Moutinho, M. M. Al-Jassim, R. Noufi

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14 Scopus Citations


The authors report on the observation of electroluminescence (EL) in CuGa Se2 solar cells using tapping-mode atomic force microscopy based on tuning-fork sensors. Individually injected current pulses are seen during intermittent contact driven by an external bias applied to the conducting tip. It follows that EL can be stimulated when the solar cell is forward biased during the contact cycle. Local L-V characteristics show evidence for EL, with a threshold voltage of 3.0-3.7 V. Mapping of the photon emission suggests that grain boundaries effectively isolate grain interiors, which behave as individual light-emitting diodes.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number143120
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number14
StatePublished - 2006

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-520-40361


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