Electromagnetic Field Effects on Marine Life

Research output: NRELFact Sheet


This Educational Research Brief summarizes the existing understanding of potential effects of electromagnetic fields (EMF) on marine life in offshore wind areas. The Brief summarizes how some species sense and respond to EMF and focuses on how EMF from offshore wind farms may interact with marine life. The focus is on species relevant to development on the U.S. Atlantic and Pacific Coasts.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages13
StatePublished - 2022

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/FS-5000-82330


  • electric fields
  • electromagnetic fields
  • environmental effects
  • fish
  • invertebrates
  • magnetic fields
  • offshore wind


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