Electron Traps in p-Type GaAsN Characterized by Deep-Level Transient Spectroscopy

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We have used deep level transient spectroscopy to detect traps in p-type GaAsN grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition. Although minority-carrier electrons are not intentionally injected into the depletion region of the measured samples, electron traps are detected in both Schottky barrier and p-n junction devices. The electron-trap signal can exist using only reverse biases during measurement, and checks of series resistance and minority-carrier injection using an optical source also confirm the electron-trap signal. For dilute-nitrogen p-n junction samples, the electron trap gives the dominant signal peak. The peak's magnitude, which corresponds to trap density, correlates to amounts of nitrogen incorporated during growth and reduced open-circuit voltage during light-characterization. The p-type GaAsN layers have net acceptor carrier concentrations in the mid-10 16 to low-10 17 cm -3, as determined by capacitance voltage profiling. The electron-trap concentration is dependent on the N content, but values, when traps are filled to saturation, range from 10 15 to 10 16 cm -3. The electron signal peak shows a shoulder peak on some samples, giving another close energy level. The electron-trap activation energy is somewhat dependent on the trap filling time, but ranges from about 0.15 to 0.30 eV, and is usually near 0.2 eV for the largest peak when filled to saturation.

Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages4
StatePublished - 2005
Event31st IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference - 2005 - Lake Buena Vista, FL, United States
Duration: 3 Jan 20057 Jan 2005


Conference31st IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference - 2005
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityLake Buena Vista, FL

Bibliographical note

For preprint version see NREL/CP-520-37474

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-520-38886


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