Electronic Structure Correspondence of Singlet-Triplet Scale Separation in Strained Sr2RuO4

Swagata Acharya, Dimitar Pashov, Elena Chachkarova, Mark van Schilfgaarde, Cedric Weber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus Citations

Abstract

At a temperature of roughly 1 K, Sr2RuO4 undergoes a transition from a normal Fermi liquid to a superconducting phase. Even while the former is relatively simple and well understood, the superconducting state has not even been understood after 25 years of study. More recently, it has been found that critical temperatures can be enhanced by the application of uniaxial strain, up to a critical strain, after which it falls off. In this work, we take an “instability” approach and seek divergences in susceptibilities. This provides an unbiased way to distinguish tendencies to competing ground states. We show that in the unstrained compound, the singlet and triplet instabilities of the normal Fermi liquid phase are closely spaced. Under uniaxial strain, electrons residing on all orbitals contributing to the Fermiology become more coherent, while the electrons of the Ru-dxy character become heavier, and the electrons of the Ru-dxz,yz characters become lighter. In the process, Im χ(q, ω) increases rapidly around q = (0.3, 0.3, 0)2π/a and q = (0.5, 0.25, 0)2π/a, while it gets suppressed at all other commensurate vectors, in particular at q = 0, which is essential for spin-triplet superconductivity. We observe that the magnetic anisotropy under strain drops smoothly, which is concomitant with the increment in singlet instability. Thus, the triplet superconducting instability remains the lagging instability of the system, and the singlet instability enhances under strain, leading to a large energy-scale separation between these competing instabilities. However, since this happens even without spin-orbit coupling, we believe it is primarily the enhancement in the spin fluctuation glue around quasi-anti-ferromagnetic vectors that drives the Cooper pairing instead of the magnetic anisotropy. At large strain, an instability to a spin density wave overtakes the superconducting one. The analysis relies on a high-fidelity, ab initio description of the one-particle properties and two-particle susceptibilities, based on the quasiparticle self-consistent GWapproximation augmented by dynamical mean field theory. This approach is described and its high fidelity confirmed by comparing to observed one-and two-particle properties.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number508
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5F00-79084

Keywords

  • Gap Symmetry
  • Hund’s Metals
  • Spin Density Wave
  • Spin Susceptibilities
  • Triplet Superconductivity
  • Unconventional Superconductivity
  • Vertex functions

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