Embedding PbS Quantum Dots (QDs) in Pb-Halide Perovskite Matrices: QD Surface Chemistry and Antisolvent Effects on QD Dispersion and Confinement Properties

E. Gaulding, Xihan Chen, Ye Yang, Steven Harvey, Bobby To, Young-Hoon Kim, Matthew Beard, Peter Sercel, Joseph Luther

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Hybrid materials of metal chalcogenide colloidal quantum dots (QDs) embedded in metal halide perovskites (MHPs) have led to composites with synergistic properties. Here, we investigate how QD size, surface chemistry, and MHP film formation methods affect the resulting optoelectronic properties of QD/MHP "dot-in-matrix" systems. We monitor the QD absorption and photoluminescence throughout synthesis, ligand exchange, and transfer into the MHP ink, and we characterize the final QD/MHP films via electron microscopy and transient absorption. In addition, we are the first to globally map how PbS QDs are distributed on the micrometer scale within these dot-in-matrix systems, using three-dimensional (3D) tomography time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry. The surface chemistry imparted during synthesis directly affects the optical properties of the dot-in-matrix composites. Pb-halide passivation leads to QD/MHP dot-in-matrix samples with optical properties that are well-described by a theoretical model, based on a Type I finite-barrier heterostructure between the PbS QD and the MHP matrix. Samples without Pb-halide passivation show complicated size-dependent behavior, indicating a transition from a Type I heterostructure between the PbS QD wells and MHP barriers for small-sized QDs to PbS QDs that are electronically decoupled from the MHP matrix for larger QDs. Furthermore, the choice in perovskite antisolvent crystallization method leads to a difference in the spatial QD distribution within the perovskite matrix, differences in carrier lifetime, and photoluminescence shifts of up to 180 meV for PbS in methylammonium lead iodide. This work establishes an understanding of such emerging synergistic systems relevant for technologies such as photovoltaics, infrared emitters and detectors, and other unexplored technological applications.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1464-1472
Number of pages9
JournalACS Materials Letters
Volume2
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Nov 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 American Chemical Society.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5K00-77143

Keywords

  • dance party
  • dot-in-matrix
  • heterostructure
  • lead sulfide
  • matrix
  • nanocrystal
  • NIR
  • optoelectronic
  • perovskite
  • quantum dot
  • surface chemistry
  • TOF-SIMS

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