Emergency Voltage Regulation in Power Systems via Ripple-Type Control: Preprint

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


With increasing penetration of volatile renewable generation and cyber-physical disruptions, ensuring safe operation of bulk power systems has become unprecedentedly challenging. Since communication and computational costs restrict centralized system dispatch to be called upon every few minutes; and purely local schemes are shown to be insufficient, distributed controls have been advocated for handling unanticipated system conditions in real time. However, the applicability of distributed control schemes is fundamentally limited by their need for widespread communication and model cognizance. In this con-text, we put forth a hybrid low-communication saturation-driven protocol for the coordination of control agents that are distributed over a physical system and are allowed to communicate with peers over a ‘hotline’ communication network. Under this protocol, when agents observe a constraint violation based on local measurements, they respond locally until their control resources saturate, in which case they send a beacon for assistance to peer agents. The scheme ensures that minor violations are efficiently mitigated via fast local controls, while severe violations may be handled by a collaboration of a relatively small set of agents. We evaluate the performance of this scheme via extensive numerical tests on the IEEE 14-bus test feeder, where agents act upon noisy measurements under diverse scenarios of random load variations and severe low/high voltage events.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages9
StatePublished - 2021
EventTo be 29th Mediterranean Conference on Control and Automation (MED 2021) -
Duration: 22 Jun 202125 Jun 2021


ConferenceTo be 29th Mediterranean Conference on Control and Automation (MED 2021)

Bibliographical note

See NREL/CP-5D00-80933 for paper as published in proceedings

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5D00-79668


  • distributed control
  • resiliency
  • voltage control


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