Emerging Trends in Freight

Research output: NRELPresentation


Freight transportation accounts for only 5% of the vehicles on U.S. roads, but 10% of vehicle miles of travel and 27% of on-road energy use. With rail and water, freight accounts for 28% of U.S. transportation energy and emissions. Trucking is the primary mode for transporting goods, but rail is a significant mode for longer shipments. Economic, technological, and operational trends pose both challenges and opportunities to meet U.S. demand for goods movement as well as national decarbonization goals. This presentation provides a systems perspective for energy efficiency freight mobility and an overview of available NREL analytical tools to address these challenges.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages16
StatePublished - 2023

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-5400-86402


  • commercial vehicles
  • decarbonization
  • F-MEP
  • FleetREDI
  • freight
  • Freight Activity Mobility Simulator
  • freight efficiency
  • Freight Mobility Energy Productivity
  • Freight Operational Efficiency Metrics
  • rail
  • technoeconomic analysis
  • truck


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