Enabling Fast Charging - A Battery Technology Gap Assessment

Matthew Keyser, Ahmad Pesaran, Cory Kreutzer, Anthony Markel, Andrew Meintz, Shabbir Ahmed, Ira Bloom, Andrew Jansen, Andrew Burnham, Keith Hardy, Paul Nelson, David Robertson, Thomas Stephens, Ram Vijayagopal, Tanvir Tanim, Eric Dufek, Richard Carlson, Fernando Dias, Christopher Michelbacher, Manish MohanpurkarDon Scoffield, Matthew Shirk, Jiucai Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

339 Scopus Citations


The battery technology literature is reviewed, with an emphasis on key elements that limit extreme fast charging. Key gaps in existing elements of the technology are presented as well as developmental needs. Among these needs are advanced models and methods to detect and prevent lithium plating; new positive-electrode materials which are less prone to stress-induced failure; better electrode designs to accommodate very rapid diffusion in and out of the electrode; measure temperature distributions during fast charge to enable/validate models; and develop thermal management and pack designs to accommodate the higher operating voltage.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)250-262
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Power Sources
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5400-68766


  • Developmental needs
  • Extreme fast charging
  • Lithium-ion battery


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