Enabling Thermal Energy Storage in Structural Cementitious Composites with a Novel Phase Change Material Microcapsule Featuring an Inorganic Shell and a Bio-Inspired Silica Coating: Article No. 110677

Abdulmalik Ismail, Maysam Bahmani, Xiaodong Wang, Anastasia Aday, Adewale Odukomaiya, Jialai Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Phase change material (PCM) microcapsules offer a promising approach for integrating PCM into building materials for efficient thermal energy storage. This study presents the development of a novel PCM microcapsule specifically designed for incorporation into cementitious materials. The microcapsule consists of a low-cost PCM core derived from vegetable oil by-products and a durable inorganic shell made from cenosphere, a hollow fly ash generated from coal burning power plants. A novel process is developed to apply a silica coating to these cenosphere-based PCM microcapsules (CPCM), resulting in bioinspired-silica-coated CPCM microcapsules (BCPCM). This coating process draws inspiration from marine microorganism-based silica production and utilizes low-cost sodium silicate as a precursor, enabling eco-friendly and cost-effective manufacturing at ambient temperature and mild pH conditions. The morphology, chemical stability, and thermal properties of the BCPCM along with its thermo-mechanical performance in cementitious composites were comprehensively analyzed. Experimental results demonstrate successful silica deposition on BCPCM, leading to enhanced latent heat properties of the produced BCPCM. With the silica coating, BCPCM exhibits a 50 degree C delay in thermal decomposition compared to CPCM, enhancing fire resistance and preventing premature PCM leakage of the microcapsule. The bioinspired silica coating effectively restores over 10% of the strength loss for each percent increase in CPCM incorporated into the mortar. The thermal performance experiments reveal that increasing the BCPCM content reduces temperature peaks and rates of temperature increase, indicating an improved capacity for thermal energy storage. This new PCM microcapsule provides a cost-effective solution to integrate thermal energy storage to cementitious material, as evidenced that over 30% of aggregates (in volume) can be replaced by the microcapsule without a drastic loss of strength.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Energy Storage
Volume83
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5500-88782

Keywords

  • bio-inspired
  • cementitious materials
  • microencapsulation
  • phase change material
  • thermal energy storage

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Enabling Thermal Energy Storage in Structural Cementitious Composites with a Novel Phase Change Material Microcapsule Featuring an Inorganic Shell and a Bio-Inspired Silica Coating: Article No. 110677'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this