Encapsulant Adhesion to Surface Metallization on Photovoltaic Cells

Nicholas Bosco, Jared Tracy, Reinhold Dauskardt

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

29 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Delamination of encapsulant materials from PV cell surfaces often appears to originate at regions with metallization. Using a fracture mechanics based metrology, the adhesion of EVA encapsulant to screen printed silver metallization was evaluated. At room temperature, the fracture energy, G c [J/m 2 ], of the EVA/silver interface (952 J/m 2 ) was ~70% lower than that of the EVA/AR coating (>2900 J/m 2 ) and ~60% lower than that of the EVA to the surface of cell (2265 J/m 2 ). After only 300 hours of damp heat aging, the adhesion energy of the silver interface dropped to and plateaued at ~50-60 J/m 2 , while that of the EVA/AR coating and EVA/cell remained mostly unchanged. Elemental surface analysis showed that the EVA separates from the silver in a purely adhesive manner, indicating that bonds at the interface were likely displaced in the presence of humidity and chemical byproducts at elevated temperature, which in part accounts for the propensity of metallized surfaces to delaminate in the field.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages3200-3203
Number of pages4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018
Event2017 IEEE 44th Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC) - Washington, D.C.
Duration: 25 Jun 201730 Jun 2017

Conference

Conference2017 IEEE 44th Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC)
CityWashington, D.C.
Period25/06/1730/06/17

Bibliographical note

See NREL/CP-5J00-68601 for preprint

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5K00-74000

Keywords

  • accelerated aging
  • adhesion
  • delamination
  • metallization
  • photovoltaic modules

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