Energy Systems Decarbonization: Perspectives on Electric Vehicles and Grid Integration

Research output: NRELPresentation


The imperative for strong and rapid emissions reductions to mitigate global warming and enhance air quality necessitates a transition to net-zero emissions. This shift requires significant changes throughout the entire energy supply-demand ecosystems, tailored to various sectors. Transportation stands as the least-diversified energy sector and the largest source of U.S. GHG emissions. As the primary catalyst for vehicle decarbonization when paired with clean electricity, electric vehicles (EVs) will play a pivotal role in the future. EVs are poised to drive substantial growth in electricity demand and presents a unique opportunity to provide demand-side flexibility that is crucial for future renewable-dominated electricity systems. Smart integration of EVs can strengthen the grid, reducing costs and enhancing resilience. At NREL, laying the scientific groundwork to actualize this vision: our research is finding ways for EVs to support grid planning and operations across several timescales and to fully exploit the synergies between EVs and renewables.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages55
StatePublished - 2024

Publication series

NamePresented at the Stanford Smart Grid Seminar, 7-9 February 2024, Stanford, California

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-5400-88775


  • clean energy transition
  • electric vehicles
  • smart grid
  • sustainable mobility
  • vehicle-grid integration


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