Engineered Polymer Architectures for Thermo-Responsive Desiccants in Dehumidification Applications

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2 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Humidity control is relevant to many processes in buildings and manufacturing and is responsible for over 600 million tons of CO2 annually. As such, desiccants that can efficiently remove moisture from air can greatly reduce emissions. A new class of desiccant materials, thermo-responsive desiccants, has been of increased interest in the literature. These materials are generally based on thermo-responsive polymers and exhibit a temperature-dependent isotherm, an attribute that is small in traditional desiccants. In this work, seven key parameters needed to create an effective thermo-responsive polymer desiccant are identified using a combination of modeling and experimental data. It is found that more thermo-responsiveness is not necessarily better for energy efficiency, and that an optimal, “medium” value is desired. Additionally, polymer composition and architecture play key roles in adjusting the seven key parameters. Finally, based on findings from both modeling and experimental work, guidelines on synthesizing future thermo-responsive polymer desiccants are presented.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number2300990
Number of pages16
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Volume13
Issue number34
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Wiley-VCH GmbH.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5500-85286

Keywords

  • dehumidification
  • desiccants
  • design
  • polymers
  • thermo-responsive

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