Enhanced Production of Cellulase Using Acidothermus Cellulolyticus in Fed-Batch Culture

Ming Shiang, James C. Linden, Ali Mohagheghi, Karel Grohmann, Michael E. Himmel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus Citations


Fed-batch fermentations of Acidothermus cellulolyticus utilizing mixtures of cellulose and sugars were investigated for potential improvements in cellulase enzyme production. In these fermentations, we combined cellulose from several sources with various simple sugars at selected concentrations. The best source of cellulose for cellulase production was found to be ball-milled Solka Floc at 15 g/l. Fed-batch fermentations with cellobiose and Solka Floc increased cell mass only slightly, but succeeded in significantly enhancing cellulase synthesis compared to batch conditions. Maximum cellulase activities obtained from fermentations initiated with 2.5 g cellobiose/l and 15 g Solka Floc/l were 0.187 units (U)/ml, achieved by continuous feeding to maintain <0.1 g cellobiose/l, and 0.215 U/ml using the same initial medium when 2.5 g cellobiose/l was step-fed after the sugar was nearly consumed. In batch, dual-substrate systems consisting of simple sugars with Solka Floc, substrate inhibition was evident in terms of specific growth rates, specific productivity values, and maximum enzyme yields. Limiting concentrations of glucose or sucrose at 5 g/l, and cellobiose at 2.5 g/l, in the presence of Solka Floc, yielded cellulase activities of 0.134, 0.159, and 0.164 U/ml, respectively.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)591-597
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Feb 1991

NREL Publication Number

  • ACNR/JA-232-11692


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