Enhancing Electron Diffusion Length in Narrow-Bandgap Perovskites for Efficient Monolithic Perovskite Tandem Solar Cells

Zhibin Yang, Zhenhua Yu, Haotong Wei, Xun Xiao, Zhenyi Ni, Bo Chen, Yehao Deng, Severin N. Habisreutinger, Xihan Chen, Kang Wang, Jingjing Zhao, Peter N. Rudd, Joseph J. Berry, Matthew C. Beard, Jinsong Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

244 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Developing multijunction perovskite solar cells (PSCs) is an attractive route to boost PSC efficiencies to above the single-junction Shockley-Queisser limit. However, commonly used tin-based narrow-bandgap perovskites have shorter carrier diffusion lengths and lower absorption coefficient than lead-based perovskites, limiting the efficiency of perovskite-perovskite tandem solar cells. In this work, we discover that the charge collection efficiency in tin-based PSCs is limited by a short diffusion length of electrons. Adding 0.03 molar percent of cadmium ions into tin-perovskite precursors reduce the background free hole concentration and electron trap density, yielding a long electron diffusion length of 2.72 ± 0.15 µm. It increases the optimized thickness of narrow-bandgap perovskite films to 1000 nm, yielding exceptional stabilized efficiencies of 20.2 and 22.7% for single junction narrow-bandgap PSCs and monolithic perovskite-perovskite tandem cells, respectively. This work provides a promising method to enhance the optoelectronic properties of narrow-bandgap perovskites and unleash the potential of perovskite-perovskite tandem solar cells.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number4498
Number of pages9
JournalNature Communications
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, The Author(s).

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-73936

Keywords

  • carrier dynamics
  • perovskite
  • tandem cell

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