Enhancing Thermal Resilience of US Residential Homes in Hot Humid Climates During Extreme Temperature Events: Article No. 101986

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Increasing occurrences of extreme weather events such as winter storms and heat waves due to climate change pose enormous safety and health-related risks to people, particularly in economically disadvantaged communities. In this study, we investigate some of the most promising retrofittable and weatherization methods to keep the living zone of residential buildings within an acceptable safety level. We use hours of safety as the resilience metric, which is defined as the time taken by the building's indoor environment to reach a safety threshold temperature. We first identify various passive measures, such as adding extra insulation, improving air sealing, and integrating phase-change materials, which can operate without any external power during winter-storm and heat-wave events. We then employ a whole-building simulation tool to examine the impact of various combinations of retrofit measures and conduct a parametric study to determine the optimal solutions.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages23
JournalCell Reports Physical Science
Volume5
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5500-86371

Keywords

  • air sealing
  • buildings
  • extreme weather
  • heat waves
  • hours of safety
  • insulation
  • PCM
  • thermal energy storage
  • thermal resilience
  • winter storms

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