Recycling will play a crucial role in mitigating plastic pollution and promoting a circular economy for polymers. Quantitative analysis can help guide the optimization and implementation of these plastic management strategies, enabling increased circularity while minimizing costs, energy use, greenhouse gas emissions, and other environmental impacts. This talk will outline the Bio-Optimized Technologies to keep Thermoplastics out of Landfills and the Environment (BOTTLE) Consortium's approach to analysis-guided plastic recycling research. Stringent process modelling, life cycle assessment, and techno-economic analysis are used to benchmark the technical feasibility, environmental impacts, and costs of chemical and biological recycling technologies in comparison to conventional fossil fuel-based plastic manufacturing. Across emerging recycling strategies, several key challenges become apparent - including plastic feedstock pretreatment requirements, high energy or chemical use, and recycled plastic yields and quality - highlighting opportunities for future innovation. Through this consistent and in-depth analysis approach, BOTTLE aims to provide the plastics community with key metrics and insights to drive plastic recycling innovation towards a more sustainable and circular economy.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages20
StatePublished - 2023

Publication series

NamePresented at the American Chemical Society (ACS) Fall Meeting, 13-17 August 2023, San Francisco, California

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-6A20-87159


  • circular economy
  • life cycle assessment
  • plastic
  • recycling
  • techno-economic analysis


Dive into the research topics of 'Environmental and Economic Implications of Emerging Plastic Recycling Technologies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this