Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Electricity from PV Systems

Rolf Frischknecht

Research output: NRELFact Sheet


PV Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a structured, comprehensive method of quantifying and assessing material and energy flows and their associated emissions from manufacturing, transport, installation, use and end of life. This is the first version of the Fact Sheet, published in 2021 based on the Task 12 LCA Report from 2020 (and based on the 2018 update of the LCA database). A newer version of this Fact Sheet has been published in 2022.
Original languageAmerican English
PublisherNational Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
Number of pages4
StatePublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

NREL's Garvin Heath is a task manager of IEA PVPS Task 12

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/FS-6A20-88860


  • carbon emissions
  • environmental impacts
  • life cycle assessment
  • residential PV systems


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