Estimating Energy Bounds for Adoption of Shared Micromobility

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Shared micromobility has garnered widespread popularity in recent years, but limited attention has been given to the energy impacts of trips replaced by micromobility. This paper investigates the energy bounds of shared micromobility adoption. Travel demand data at the national and city level were analyzed to identify trips that can be served through micromobility, and scenarios with varying levels of micromobility adoption were evaluated. Results show that peak adoption of shared micromobility can reduce energy consumption from reported passenger travel by 1% at the national level and 2.6% at the city level, with micromobility-induced transit trips identified as the largest contributor for energy reduction. Sensitivity analysis was carried out to show how the energy impacts would change with various levels of key micromobility-related parameters, and results show distance threshold having a stronger influence on the energy impacts, compared to redistribution energy intensity.

Original languageAmerican English
Article numberArticle No. 103012
Number of pages18
JournalTransportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment
StatePublished - Nov 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5400-80153


  • E-bike
  • E-scooter
  • Energy impacts assessment
  • Micromobility
  • Mobility-as-a-service
  • Shared mobility


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