Estimating the Value of Worker Training: A System Reliability & LCOE Perspective

Research output: NRELPresentation


This workshop presentation briefly describes the labor standards required for large photovoltaic (PV) systems (>1MWac) to receive the full investment tax credit from the Inflation Reduction Act. The potential for labor standards to affect aspects other than upfront installation costs (such as energy generation or maintenance expenses) is analyzed using levelized cost of energy (LCOE) calculations. This considers benefits which may come from better training for workers, more productive workers, or improved installation quality, using NREL's simplified PV-specific LCOE calculator at
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages20
StatePublished - 2023

Publication series

NamePresented at the DuraMAT's Fall Workshop and Program Review, 26-27 September 2023, Albuquerque, New Mexico

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-7A40-87623


  • labor costs
  • LCOE
  • levelized cost of energy
  • operation and maintenance costs
  • prevailing wages
  • PV
  • solar photovoltaic installation costs
  • system degradation
  • TEA
  • techno-economic analysis
  • workforce training costs


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