Evaluating PEM Fuel Cell System Models

Kristina Haraldsson, Keith Wipke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

103 Scopus Citations


Many proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell models have been reported in publications and some are available commercially. This paper helps users match their modeling needs with specific fuel cell models. The paper has three parts. First, it describes the model selection criteria for choosing a fuel cell model. Second, it applies these criteria to select state-of-the-art fuel cell models available in the literature and commercially. The advantages and disadvantages of commercial models are discussed. Third, the paper illustrates the process of choosing a fuel cell model with an example: The National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) evaluation of two detailed stand-alone fuel cell system models. One is from Virginia Tech University, and the other is from Sweden's Royal Institute of Technology. Both models have been integrated into NREL's vehicle simulation model ADVISOR™ 2003 (Advanced Vehicle Simulator).

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)88-97
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - 2004

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-540-33839


  • Advanced vehicle simulator: Fuel cell system modelling
  • Fuel cell
  • Proton exchange membrane


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