Evaluating Temperature Dependent Degradation Mechanisms of Silicon-Graphite Electrodes and the Effect of Fluoroethylene Carbonate Electrolyte Additive

Yeyoung Ha, Donal Finegan, Andrew Colclasure, Stephen Trask, Matthew Keyser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Understanding and overcoming the relatively high rate of degradation observed with silicon (Si)-based anodes in lithium (Li)-ion batteries (LiBs) is crucial for developing cells with increased energy density. The capacity fade of Si-graphite (Gr) electrodes in electrolytes with and without 10 wt% fluoroethylene carbonate (FEC) is explored during cycling at temperatures of 25, 45, and 70 °C, focusing on the complex degradation modes arising from loss of active material, loss of Li inventory, and cell resistance growth. We first show the common half-cell testing cannot be used at elevated temperatures as the performance of Li metal overshadows the behavior of Si-Gr electrode. Symmetric cell configuration successfully eliminates the effect of foreign materials, and reveals that while the presence of FEC provides better passivation of Si, it also results in greater parasitic reactions at 70 °C and faster capacity fade. The electrolyte without FEC, on the other hand, shows higher capacity retention at 70 °C. Finally, we propose a multi-step test protocol which can successfully deconvolute the information on loss of Li inventory and of active material. By combining half-cell and symmetric cell test methods, we demonstrate that loss of active material is reduced at higher temperatures and the dominant mechanisms of capacity loss for Si-Gr electrodes at elevated temperatures is loss of Li inventory.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number139097
Number of pages11
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume394
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5K00-78263

Keywords

  • Degradation mechanism
  • Fluoroethylene carbonate
  • Lithium-ion battery
  • Silicon-graphite anode
  • Temperature

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