Evaluating the Grid Impact of Oregon Offshore Wind

Josh Novacheck, Marty Schwarz

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


This analysis used high resolution offshore wind data and a detailed production cost model of the Western Interconnection to explore the value and operational impact of integrating offshore wind along Oregon's coastline. Leveraging local technical stakeholder expertise and input, we determined a set of scenarios to explore. These scenarios varied offshore wind penetrations and explored the differences of integrating offshore wind in the current grid and a potential future grid. This allowed us to determine how changes to the rest of the system and increasing penetrations of offshore wind affected our findings. We identified a number of key findings from the analysis, including that 2.6 GW of nameplate capacity offshore wind could be integrated into the Oregon power system with minimal curtailment due to transmission congestion or other factors. The range of system value provided by offshore wind ranges between $65/MWh and $85/MWh across the various scenarios considered. We also examined the influence offshore wind had on the trans-Cascade power flow, where we determined a strong correlation between offshore wind generation and reduction in flow across the Cascades. Finally, we also determined that offshore wind could serve between 84 - 93% of Coastal Oregon loads depending on the scenario.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages82
StatePublished - 2021

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-6A40-81244


  • offshore wind
  • Oregon
  • transmission


Dive into the research topics of 'Evaluating the Grid Impact of Oregon Offshore Wind'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this