Evaluating the Impact of Off-Design CHP Performance on the Optimal Sizing and Dispatch on Hybrid Renewable-CHP Distributed Energy Resources: Article No. 118275

Christopher Hampel, William Becker, Dan Olis, Robert Braun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The maturation of distributed energy resources (DER) has prompted the exploration of their deployment in commercial building applications due to their potential to supply energy at lower costs and emissions rates compared to centralized generation. While several software tools exist for evaluating the techno-economic potential of integrated renewable energy and combined heat and power (CHP) systems for distributed generation applications, many suffer from poor accuracy in capturing off-design (part load and changes in ambient air temperature and pressure) performance characteristics of microturbines, combustion turbines, or internal combustion engines. Thus, this paper presents a methodology for integrating these off-design characteristics in the mixed-integer linear program within REopt, a hybrid DER screening tool. The economic impact of the CHP off-design performance is observed through several application studies of various hybrid system configurations in different climates. Each study indicates how CHP off-design performance influences optimal sizing and dispatch decisions and therefore overall system economic value. We observe through case studies that modeling without the off-design effects, depending on the CHP prime mover and site, can result in Net Present Value predictions of hybrid systems that can be overoptimistic in frequently hot climates (up to 52%), too conservative in frequently cold climates (up to 11%), or unaffected (+/-1%) in temperate climates. Cases also highlight several advantages of hybrid systems relative to non-hybrid systems such as total economic value and the systems' ability to mitigate potentially negative consequences attributed to off-design performance.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages21
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume306
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-7A40-87759

Keywords

  • ambient de-rate
  • CHP
  • combustion turbine
  • dispatch
  • hybrid DER systems
  • life cycle costs
  • microturbine
  • optimization
  • part load
  • reciprocating engine
  • renewable energy
  • REopt

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