Evaluating the Limits of Solar Photovoltaics (PV) in Electric Power Systems Utilizing Energy Storage and Other Enabling Technologies

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Abstract

In this work, we evaluate technologies that will enable solar photovoltaics (PV) to overcome the limits of traditional electric power systems. We performed simulations of a large utility system using hourly solar insolation and load data and attempted to provide up to 50% of this system's energy from PV. We considered several methods to avoid the limits of unusable PV that result at high penetration due to the use of inflexible baseload generators. The enabling technologies considered in this work are increased system flexibility, load shifting via demand responsive appliances, and energy storage.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)4424-4433
Number of pages10
JournalEnergy Policy
Volume35
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-6A2-45315

Keywords

  • Energy storage
  • Photovoltaics
  • Solar

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