Evaluation and Modeling of Edge-Seal Materials for Photovoltaic Applications

M. D. Kempe, A. A. Dameron, T. J. Moricone, M. O. Reese

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

27 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Because of the sensitivity of some photovoltaic devices to moisture-induced corrosion, they are packaged using impermeable front- and back-sheets along with an edge seal to prevent moisture ingress. Evaluation of edge seal materials can be difficult because of the low permeation rates involved and/or non-Fickian behavior. Here, using a Ca film deposited on a glass substrate, we demonstrate the evaluation of edge seal materials in a manner that effectively duplicates their use in a photovoltaic application and compare the results with standard methods for measuring water vapor transport. We demonstrate how moisture permeation data from polymer films can be used to estimate moisture ingress rates and compare the results of these two methods. Encapsulant materials were also evaluated for comparison and to highlight the need for edge seals. Of the materials studied, desiccant filled polyisobutylene materials demonstrate by far the best potential to keep moisture out for a 20 to 30 y lifetime.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages256-261
Number of pages6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010
Event35th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2010 - Honolulu, HI, United States
Duration: 20 Jun 201025 Jun 2010

Conference

Conference35th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2010
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityHonolulu, HI
Period20/06/1025/06/10

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5200-50801

Keywords

  • corrosion
  • edge-seal materials
  • photovoltaics
  • PV
  • solar

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