Evaluation of a Turbulent Loads Characterization System

    Research output: NRELTechnical Report


    In this paper we discuss an on-line turbulent load characterization system that has been designed to acquire loading spectra from turbines of the same design operating in several different environments and from different turbine designs operating in the same environment. This system simultaneously measures the rainflow-counted alternating and mean loading spectra and the hub-height turbulent meanshearing stress and atmospheric stability associated with the turbulent inflow. We discuss the theory behind the measurement configuration and the results of proof-of-concept testing recently performed at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) using a Bergey EXCEL-S 10-kW wind turbine. The on-line approach to characterizing the load spectra and the inflow turbulent scaling parameter producesresults that are consistent with other measurements. The on-line approximation of the turbulent shear stress or friction velocity also is considered adequate. The system can be used to characterize turbulence loads during turbine deployment in a wide variety of environments. Using the WISPER protocol, we found that a wide-range, variable-speed turbine will accumulate a larger number of stresscycles in the low-cycle, high-amplitude (LCHA) region when compared with a constant speed rotor under similar inflow conditions.
    Original languageAmerican English
    Number of pages11
    StatePublished - 1995

    NREL Publication Number

    • NREL/TP-442-20164


    • loading spectra
    • turbines
    • turbulent load characterization system
    • wind


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