Exceptional Morphology-Preserving Evolution of Formamidinium Lead Triiodide Perovskite Thin Films via Organic-Cation Displacement

Mengjin Yang, Kai Zhu, Yuanyuan Zhou, Shuping Pang, Nitin Padture

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

176 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Here we demonstrate a radically different chemical route for the creation of HC(NH2)2PbI3 (FAPbI3) perovskite thin films. This approach entails a simple exposure of as-synthesized CH3NH3PbI3 (MAPbI3) perovskite thin films to HC(=NH)NH2 (formamidine or FA) gas at 150 degrees C, which leads to rapid displacement of the MA+ cations by FA+ cations in the perovskite structure. The resultant FAPbI3 perovskite thin films preserve the microstructural morphology of the original MAPbI3 thin films exceptionally well. Importantly, the myriad processing innovations that have led to the creation of high-quality MAPbI3 perovskite thin films are directly adaptable to FAPbI3 through this simple, rapid chemical-conversion route. Accordingly, we show that efficiencies of perovskite solar cells fabricated with FAPbI3 thin films created using this route can reach -18%.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)5535-5538
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume138
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-66448

Keywords

  • displacement
  • morphology
  • perovskite thin films

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