Exhaust Emissions and Fuel Properties of Partially Hydrogenated Soybean Oil Methyl Esters Blended with Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel

Bryan R. Moser, Aaron Williams, Michael J. Haas, Robert L. McCormick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

101 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Important fuel properties and emission characteristics of blends (20 vol.%) of soybean oil methyl esters (SME) and partially hydrogenated SME (PHSME) in ultra low sulfur diesel fuel (ULSD) were determined and compared with neat ULSD. The following changes were observed for B20 blends of SME and PHSME versus neat ULSD: improved lubricity, higher kinematic viscosity and cetane number, lower sulfur content, and inferior low-temperature properties and oxidative stability. With respect to exhaust emissions, B20 blends of PHSME and SME exhibited lower PM and CO emissions in comparison to those of neat ULSD. The PHSME blend also showed a significant reduction in THC emissions. Both SME and PHSME B20 blends yielded small increases in NOx emissions. The reduction in double bond content of PHSME did not result in a statistically significant difference in NOx emissions versus SME at the B20 blend level. The test engine consumed a greater amount of fuel operating on the SME and PHSME blends than on neat ULSD, but the increase was smaller for the PHSME blend.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1122-1128
Number of pages7
JournalFuel Processing Technology
Volume90
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-540-44384

Keywords

  • Biodiesel
  • Diesel fuel
  • Exhaust emissions
  • Fatty acid methyl esters
  • Physical properties
  • Soybean oil methyl esters

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