Experimental Analysis of Distribution Network Voltage Regulation Using Smart Inverters: Preprint

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


Smart inverters (SI) have huge potential in providing grid services which has not been fully realized yet. One of these grid services, distribution network voltage regulation by SI, can improve the network voltage by regulating the SI reactive and active power output. Voltage regulation by SI is much faster compared to traditional voltage regulating devices, e.g. tap changing transformer, capacitor banks. However, there is gap in available published literature on the characteristics of SIs when the SI is controlled by local controller or external control signal. This paper presents the experimental study to characterize SI reactive power regulation response to two different control methods: autonomous control method and remote dispatch method. It was found that IS reactive power regulation response could be significantly different in terms of delay, and ramp rate for these two methods. Finally, Power-Hardware-in-The-Loop (PHIL) tests were conducted to evaluate the performance of these two methods. The PHIL tests results show that SI response characteristics for autonomous control method and remote dispatch method need to be considered during planning for distribution network voltage regulation using SI.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages10
StatePublished - 2023
Event50th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference - San Juan, Puerto Rico
Duration: 11 Jun 202316 Jun 2023


Conference50th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference
CitySan Juan, Puerto Rico

Bibliographical note

See NREL/CP-5D00-88875 for paper as published in proceedings

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5D00-85668


  • autonomous control
  • distribution network voltage regulation
  • power-hardware-in-the- loop
  • remote dispatch
  • smart inverters


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