Exploring the Potential of Factory Installed Solar + Storage for Homebuilding

Isabelina Nahmens, Ondrej Labik, Alison Donovan, Kalee Whitehouse, Damon Lane, Desmond Kirwan, Leslie Badger, Ankur Podder, Shanti Pless

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


In recent years, an increasing number of grid disruptions due to intense weather events, natural disasters, and high peak loads resulted in increased interest in energy-resilient homes. Solar + storage (S+S) as an energy resiliency solution can provide continuity, onsite generation, and backup power during critical events. This project explored factory-installed solar plus storage (FISS) to overcome first cost and installation barriers and bring this resiliency solution to scale for single-family affordable and market-rate homebuyers. Guided by the principles of Lean manufacturing, the team explored how factories building high-performance zero energy modular homes can incorporate S+S into their existing construction system while improving quality and productivity and reducing the costs of the resilient energy system.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)145-162
Number of pages18
JournalCityscape (Washington, DC)
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2023

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5500-84244


  • HUD
  • industrialized construction
  • modular
  • resiliency
  • solar and storage


Dive into the research topics of 'Exploring the Potential of Factory Installed Solar + Storage for Homebuilding'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this