Fabrication, Measurement, and Modeling of GaInP/GaAs Three-Terminal Cells and Strings

John Geisz, Jeronimo Buencuerpo, William McMahon, Talysa Klein, Adele Tamboli, Emily Warren

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

6 Scopus Citations


Three-terminal (3T) GaInP/GaAs solar cells are fabricated from inverted-grown monolithic tandems and processed with external metal contacts suitable for easy interconnection. Prototype 3T tandems both with and without tunnel junctions are demonstrated. They are characterized as a function of two independent variables in a variety of configurations, with each configuration holding one of the contacts common to two source-meter units (SMUs). Each of these different measurement configurations completely characterizes the device by transforming the results into 6 unique device parameters and plotting the total power parametrically in two dimensions. The performance is fit using a 3T optoelectronic model that includes luminescent coupling as well as important resistances. Eight of these devices are interconnected in various voltage-constrained configurations to form voltage-matched (VM) strings. Measurement and analysis of these III-V devices and strings are generally applicable to all 3T photovoltaics.

Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages4
StatePublished - 20 Jun 2021
Event48th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2021 - Fort Lauderdale, United States
Duration: 20 Jun 202125 Jun 2021


Conference48th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityFort Lauderdale

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 IEEE.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5900-78914


  • photovoltaics
  • solar cell measurements
  • three-terminal
  • voltage-matched modules


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