Facility-Level Industry Representation for Decarbonization Modeling

Research output: NRELPresentation


The largest facilities of energy-intensive materials processing industries are disproportionate contributors to U.S. greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In general, industrial energy system modeling for the United States currently represents industrial demands at a much lower resolution than other end-use sector modeling. Therefore, characterizing even a subset of energy-intensive materials processing facilities will capture a significant portion of industrial GHG emissions. In order to further the development of publicly-available data to support modeling of industrial decarbonization, we summarize a set of approaches and results for characterizing the location, energy intensity and mix, process emissions intensity, and general production technology of existing clinker, ammonia, and iron and steel facilities in the United States. We also characterize facilities that represent options for reducing GHG emissions from each industry.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages37
StatePublished - 2023

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-6A20-83896


  • ammonia
  • cement
  • energy systems model
  • industrial energy
  • industry
  • iron and steel


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