Fe4(OAc)10[EMIM]2: Novel Iron-Based Acetate EMIM Ionic Compound

Godwin Severa, Edward Bruffey, Phuong Nguyen, Angelina Gigante, Noemi Leick, Colleen Kelly, Gregory Finkelstein, Hans Hagemann, Thomas Gennett, Richard Rocheleau, Przemyslaw Dera

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We synthesized and characterized a novel iron(II) aceto EMIM coordination compound, which has a simplified empirical formula Fe4(OAc)10[EMIM]2, in two different hydration forms: as anhydrous monoclinic compound and triclinic dihydrate Fe4(OAc)10[EMIM]2·2H2O. The dihydrate compound is isostructural with recently reported Mn4(OAc)10[EMIM]2·2H2O, while the anhydrate is a superstructure of the Mn counterpart, suggesting the existence of solid solutions. Both new Fe compounds contain chains of Fe2+ octahedrally coordinated exclusively by acetate groups. The EMIM moieties do not interact directly with the Fe2+ and contribute to the structural framework of the compound through van der Waals forces and C-H···O hydrogen bonds with the acetate anions. The compounds have a melting temperature of ∼94 °C; therefore, they can be considered metal-containing ionic liquids. Differential thermal analysis indicates three endothermic transitions associated with melting, structural rearrangement in the molten state at about 157 °C, and finally, thermal decomposition of the Fe4(OAc)10[EMIM]2. Thermogravimetric analyses indicate an ∼72 wt % mass loss during the decomposition at 280-325 °C. The Fe4(OAc)10[EMIM]2 compounds have higher thermal stability than their Mn counterparts and [EMIM][OAc] but lower compared to iron(II) acetate. Temperature-programmed desorption coupled with mass spectrometry shows that the decomposition pathway of the Fe4(OAc)10[EMIM]2 involves four distinct regimes with peak temperatures at 88, 200, 267, and 345 °C. The main species observed in the decomposition of the compound are CH3, H2O, N2, CO, OC-CH3, OH-CO, H3C-CO-CH3, and H3C-O-CO-CH3. Variable-temperature infrared vibrational spectroscopy indicates that the phase transition at 160-180 °C is associated with a reorientation of the acetate ions, which may lead to a lower interaction with the [EMIM]+ before the decomposition of the Fe4(OAc)10[EMIM]2 upon further heating. The Fe4(OAc)10[EMIM]2 compounds are porous, plausibly capable of accommodating other types of molecules.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)31907-31918
Number of pages12
JournalACS Omega
Issue number47
StatePublished - 30 Nov 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-79494


  • gas sorption
  • iron containing ionic liquid


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