In this detailed analysis, the authors assess the charging infrastructure needed for the deployment of advanced air mobility involving electrified vertical take-off and landing technologies. The report covers four research areas: (1) Identifying charging infrastructure requirements for existing facilities based on flight operational parameters, potential use cases, charging strategy, and other constraints. (2) Assessing sites on power availability to meet charging demand, the impact on grid infrastructure, potential hazards, and cybersecurity needs, and using technoeconomic analysis to identify opportunities for onsite distributed energy resources, primarily solar photovoltaics and battery energy storage systems. (3) Calculating greenhouse gas emission based on total energy consumption attributable to each site. (4) Analyzing the job and economic development impact for sites adopting new infrastructure.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages137
StatePublished - 2023

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5R00-86245


  • airports
  • charging demand
  • electric aircraft
  • electric vehicle support equipment
  • eVOTL
  • EVSE
  • FAA
  • flight schedule
  • grid impact
  • heliports
  • hybrid aircraft
  • hydrogen aircraft
  • vertical take-off and landing
  • vertistops
  • VTOL


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