Federated Machine Learning-Based Anomaly Detection System for Synchrophasor Network Using Heterogeneous Data Sets: Preprint

Vivek Kumar Singh, Ethan Tucker, Suman Rath

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Synchrophasor technology is widely deployed in the energy management system to monitor the grid health at micro level and perform necessary corrective actions in real time; however, integrated phasor devices and data aggregators are exposed to several cybersecurity threats. This paper proposes a federated ML(FML)-based ADS to detect several data integrity attacks in the synchrophasor network. The proposed approach integrates the horizontal FML technique and consists of substation-based local models and a control center-based global model. The proposed methodology includes training local models using heterogeneous data sets that include network and grid information and updating the global model through multiple iterations by sharing model gradients. Finally, the trained global model is applied to identify cyberattacks, normal operation, and physical events. To validate the proof of concept, we used synthetic data sets generated by Mississippi State University and Oak Ridge National Laboratory for training and testing the classification models using the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's high performance computing resources. Our experimental results, computed through several performance measures, reveal that the proposed approach shows consistent performance during the binary, three-class, and multiclass classifications while ensuring privacy of synchrophasor data.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages8
StatePublished - 2024
EventIEEE PES T&D CONFERENCE & EXPOSITION 2024 - ANAHEIM, CA
Duration: 6 May 20249 May 2024

Conference

ConferenceIEEE PES T&D CONFERENCE & EXPOSITION 2024
CityANAHEIM, CA
Period6/05/249/05/24

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5R00-87116

Keywords

  • anomaly detection system
  • cybersecurity
  • federated machine learning
  • phasor measurement unit

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