FERC Hydropower Licensing: A Review of Utilization of the ILP, TLP, and ALP

Aaron Levine, Austin Flanagan

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


A preliminary consideration for license applicants seeking to develop non-federal hydropower projects includes determining whether the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) has authority over the development, and if so, what licensing procedures are required or may be an option for authorizing the project. Projects subject to FERC jurisdiction, which do not meet the qualification requirements for an exemption from FERC hydropower licensing, must complete the FERC hydropower licensing process utilizing one of FERC's three licensing processes: The Integrated Licensing Process (ILP), Traditional Licensing Process (TLP), or Alternative Licensing Process (ALP). Effective after July 23, 2005, the ILP became the default hydropower licensing process under the FPA [18 CFR Section 5.3(a)(2)] and any license applicant seeking to use the TLP or ALP is now required to submit to FERC a request to use the TLP or ALP with their Notice of Intent (NOI) and Pre-Application Document (PAD) and receive approval before initiating either of those processes.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages29
StatePublished - 2019

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-6A20-71982


  • FERC
  • hydropower
  • land management
  • licensing
  • relicensing


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