Field Validation of Wake Steering Control with Wind Direction Variability: Preprint

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


Wake steering is a type of wind farm control strategy wherein upstream turbines are misaligned with the wind direction to redirect their wakes away from downstream turbines, increasing overall wind plant power. Wake steering is often analyzed assuming steady mean wind directions across the wind farm. However, in practice, the wind direction varies considerably over time because of large-scale weather phenomena. Wind direction variability causes wake steering controllers to increase power production less than predicted by steady state models, but more robust wake steering strategies can be designed that account for variable wind conditions. This paper compares the achieved yaw offsets and power gains from two 2-turbine wake steering experiments at a commercial wind farm with model predictions using the FLOw Redirection and Induction in Steady State (FLORIS) control-oriented model, assuming both fixed and variable wind directions. The impact of wind direction variability is modeled by including wind direction and yaw uncertainty in the FLORIS calculations. The field results match the trends predicted assuming wind direction variability. Specifically, the yaw offsets achieved in the intended control regions are lower than desired, resulting in less power gain, while a slight loss in power occurs for wind directions outside of the intended control region because of unintentional yaw misalignment. The agreement between the model and field results suggests that the wind direction variability model can be used to design wake steering controllers that are more robust to variable wind conditions present in the field.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages15
StatePublished - 2020
EventNAWEA/WindTech 2019 - Amherst, Massachusetts
Duration: 14 Oct 201916 Oct 2019


ConferenceNAWEA/WindTech 2019
CityAmherst, Massachusetts

Bibliographical note

See NREL/JA-5000-77193 for paper as published in proceedings

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5000-74808


  • uncertainty
  • wake steering
  • wind direction variability
  • wind plant control


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