Flexibility-Assisted Heat Removal in Thin Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells

Seok Jun Han, Pauls Stradins, Sang Han, Sang Eon Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Thin crystalline silicon solar photovoltaics holds great potential for reducing the module price by material saving and increasing the efficiency by reduced bulk recombination loss. However, the module efficiency decreases rather sensitively as the module temperature rises under sunlight. Effective, inexpensive approach to cooling modules would accelerate large-scale market adoption of thin crystalline silicon photovoltaics. For effective cooling, we exploit high flexibility of single-crystalline thin silicon films to create wavy solar cells. These wavy cells possess larger surface area than conventional flat cells, while occupying the same projected area. We experimentally demonstrate that the temperature of thin wavy crystalline silicon solar cells under the sunlight can be significantly reduced by increased convective cooling due to their large surface area. The substantial efficiency gain, achieved by the effective heat removal, points to high-performance thin crystalline silicon photovoltaic systems that are radically different in configuration from conventional systems.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages15
StatePublished - 2021

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-81532


  • c-Si
  • cooling module
  • module efficiency
  • photovoltaic
  • PV
  • wavy solar cell


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