Flexibility Options: A Proposed ISO Product for Managing Energy Imbalance Risk

Evangelia Spyrou, Robin Hytowitz, Ben Hobbs, Mohamed Al-Ashery, Mengmeng Cai, Siddharth Tyagi

Research output: NRELPresentation


As the electricity generated by variable resources grows, system operators and variable resources have to manage challenging imbalances between forward and real-time markets. The Flexibility Auction is a novel approach for managing imbalances as it will allow resources with imbalance risk to hedge their production by buying flexibility options. The flexibility options are offered by grid-connected resources that can provide physical flexibility. This presentation provides an overview of the participants in the auction, the definition of flexibility options, and settlements.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages28
StatePublished - 2021

Publication series

NamePresented at the 2021 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, 26-29 July 2021

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-5D00-80535


  • electricity markets
  • flexibility
  • imbalance
  • power system operations
  • risk


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