Floating Wind Farm Layout Optimization Considering Moorings and Seabed Variations: Article No. 062038

Matthew Hall, Michael Biglu, Stein Housner, Katherine Coughlan, Mohammad Youssef Mahfouz, Ericka Lozon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper presents a method for optimizing the layout of floating wind farms that accounts for realistic seabed variations and the consequent adjustments to the mooring systems required for different turbine positions. The mooring lines of floating wind farms create large spatial constraints that are depth-dependent, since mooring designs must adapt to variations in seabed conditions over the array area. We develop a layout optimization methodology that addresses this, adjusting mooring system designs based on the local seabed characteristics as the layout changes and using steady-state models for the wake effects and mooring lines. The approach includes design algorithms that adjust the anchor positions and line length to achieve the desired mooring line profile for different water depths, and a layout optimization framework that implements spatial constraints between the turbines, mooring lines, and lease area boundaries. Demonstrating the method on several cases shows the effect of the seabed and spatial-constraint factors, as well as their interactions, on the optimal array layout. This demonstration paves the way for scaling up the method, using more powerful optimization algorithms to handle larger farm sizes and situations with more intensely varied seabed conditions.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5000-89285


  • floating wind
  • layout
  • mooring
  • optimization
  • seabed
  • wind farm


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