Frequency Control Support of a Doubly-Fed Induction Generator Based on the Torque Limit

Eduard Muljadi, Moses Kang, Keonhui Kim, Jung-Wook Park, Yong Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

136 Scopus Citations


This paper proposes a torque limit-based inertial control scheme of a doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) that supports the frequency control of a power system. If a frequency deviation occurs, the proposed scheme aims to release a large amount of kinetic energy (KE) stored in the rotating masses of a DFIG to raise the frequency nadir (FN). Upon detecting the event, the scheme instantly increases its output to the torque limit and then reduces the output with the rotor speed so that it converges to the stable operating range. To restore the rotor speed while causing a small second frequency dip (SFD), after the rotor speed converges the power reference is reduced by a small amount and maintained until it meets the reference for maximum power point tracking control. The test results demonstrate that the scheme can improve the FN and maximum rate of change of frequency while causing a small SFD in any wind conditions and in a power system that has a high penetration of wind power, and thus the scheme helps maintain the required level of system reliability. The scheme releases the KE from 2.9 times to 3.7 times the Hydro-Quebec requirement depending on the power reference.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)4575-4583
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2016

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5D00-68059


  • frequency nadir
  • over-deceleration
  • rotor speed
  • second frequency dip
  • torque limit


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