Fuel Cell Buses in U.S. Transit Fleets: Current Status 2018

Leslie Eudy, Matthew Post

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


This report, published annually, summarizes the progress of fuel cell electric bus (FCEB) development in the United States and discusses the achievements and challenges of introducing fuel cell propulsion in transit. The report provides a summary of results from evaluations performed by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) National Renewable Energy Laboratory. This annual status report combines results from all FCEB demonstrations, tracks the progress of the FCEB industry toward meeting technical targets, documents the lessons learned, and discusses the path forward for commercial viability of fuel cell technology for transit buses. The data from these early FCEB deployments funded by the U.S. Department of Transportation, state agencies, and the private sector help to guide future early-stage research and development supported by DOE's Fuel Cell Technologies Office. The 2018 summary results primarily focus on the most recent year for each demonstration, from August 2017 through July 2018. NREL has included an up-to-date analysis of operational costs including scheduled and unscheduled cost and cost per mile by system. The primary results presented in the report are from five demonstrations of two different fuel-cell-dominant bus designs.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages50
StatePublished - 2018

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5400-72208


  • demonstration
  • evaluation
  • FCEB
  • fuel cell electric bus
  • hydrogen
  • technology validation
  • transit


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