Future Opportunities for Biomass Fuels and Power

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


President Bush, in his 2006 State of the Union address, established the goal of reducing crude oil imports form the Middle East by 75% in 2025. In support of the goal the U.S. Department of Energy has established a goal of replacing 30 percent of today?s motor gasoline with biofuels by 2030; this goal will require the commercial production of biofuels at a level of 60 billion gallons of ethanolequivalents. Today the U.S. production of biofuels is approximately 4 billion gallons of ethanol. This presentation will discuss existing biomass usage and bioenergy technologies; biomass potential as discussed in the 'Billion Ton Study'; and products and technologies for the future. Emphasis will be placed on emerging technologies for fuel production: biochemical production of ethanol fromlignocellulosic biomass; production of biodiesel and green diesel from fatty acids; thermochemical production of mixed alcohols, Fischer Tropsch liquids, methanol, and dimethyl ether via gasification; production of green gasoline and alkanes from pyrolysis oil; and production of fuels from algae. A discussion of energy efficiency and renewable/fossil energy ratios will be made. Brief discussionsof power production technologies will also be given, concentrating primarily on gasification-based technologies, i.e., gasification -- IC engine CHP for small systems and IGCC for large systems.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages2
StatePublished - 2006
EventSmallwood 2006 - Richmond, Virginia
Duration: 16 May 200618 May 2006


ConferenceSmallwood 2006
CityRichmond, Virginia

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-510-39612


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