GaNPAs Solar Cells that Can Be Lattice-Matched to Silicon

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


III-V semiconductors grown on silicon substrates are very attractive for lower-cost, high-efficiency multijunction solar cells, but lattice-mismatched alloys that result in high dislocation densities have been unable to achieve satisfactory performance. GaNxP1-x-yAsy is a direct-gap III-V alloy that can be grown lattice-matched to Si when y = 4.7x - 0.1. We have proposed the use oflattice-matched GaNPAs on silicon for high-efficiency multijunction solar cells. We have grown GaNxP1-x-yAsy on GaP (with a similar lattice constant to silicon) by metal-organic chemical vapor phase epitaxy with direct bandgaps in the range of 1.5 to 2.0 eV. We have demonstrated the performance of single-junction GaNxP1-x-yAsy solar cells grown on GaP substrates and shown improvements inmaterial quality by reducing carbon and hydrogen impurities through optimization of growth conditions. We have achieved quantum efficiencies (QE) in these cells as high as 60% and PL lifetimes as high as 3.0 ns.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages7
StatePublished - 2003
EventNational Center for Photovoltaics (NCPV) and Solar Program Review Meeting - Denver, Colorado
Duration: 24 Mar 200326 Mar 2003


ConferenceNational Center for Photovoltaics (NCPV) and Solar Program Review Meeting
CityDenver, Colorado

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-520-33545


  • GaNPAs
  • high-efficiency solar cells
  • III-V semiconductors
  • lattice match
  • silicon


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