Gasoline from Wood via Integrated Gasification, Synthesis, and Methanol-to-Gasoline Technologies

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


This report documents the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) assessment of the feasibility of making gasoline via the methanol-to-gasoline route using syngas from a 2,000 dry metric tonne/day (2,205 U.S. ton/day) biomass-fed facility. A new technoeconomic model was developed in Aspen Plus for this study, based on the model developed for NREL's thermochemical ethanol design report(Phillips et al. 2007). The necessary process changes were incorporated into a biomass-to-gasoline model using a methanol synthesis operation followed by conversion, upgrading, and finishing to gasoline. Using a methodology similar to that used in previous NREL design reports and a feedstock cost of $50.70/dry ton ($55.89/dry metric tonne), the estimated plant gate price is $16.60/MMBtu ($15.73/GJ) (U.S. $2007) for gasoline and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) produced from biomass via gasification of wood, methanol synthesis, and the methanol-to-gasoline process. The corresponding unit prices for gasoline and LPG are $1.95/gallon ($0.52/liter) and $1.53/gallon ($0.40/liter) with yields of 55.1 and 9.3 gallons per U.S. ton of dry biomass (229.9 and 38.8 liters per metric tonne of drybiomass), respectively.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages115
StatePublished - 2011

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5100-47594


  • advanced biofuels
  • biomass
  • biomass to gasoline
  • BTG
  • gasification
  • gasoline
  • methanol
  • methanol to gasoline
  • methanol-to-gasoline (MTG)
  • model
  • syngas
  • technoeconomic
  • thermochemical


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