GeI2 Additive for High Optoelectronic Quality CsPbI3 Quantum Dots and Their Application in Photovoltaic Devices

Joseph Luther, Qian Zhao, Feng Liu, Chao Ding, Yaohong Zhang, Taichi Kamisaka, Taro Toyoda, Shuzi Hayase, Takashi Minemoto, Kenji Yoshino, Bing Zhang, Songyuan Dai, Junke Jiang, Shuxia Tao, Qing Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

111 Scopus Citations


Trioctylphosphine (TOP)-based syntheses of CsPbI 3 perovskite quantum dots (QDs) yield unprecedented high photoluminescence quantum yield (PL QY), lower Stokes shifts, and longer carrier lifetimes due to their enhanced crystallinity. This synthetic route relies on a heavily Pb-rich condition or a large Pb:Cs molar ratio in precursor solution to produce QDs with appropriate stoichiometry as well as to guarantee a good colloidal stability. The high Pb condition is achieved by a high concentration of PbI 2 prepared in TOP. Here we find such Pb-rich strategies can be avoided by providing additional iodine ions using other metal halide salts. In particular GeI 2 , which contrary to PbI 2 , readily dissolves in TOP. CsPbI 3 QDs prepared using PbI 2 /GeI 2 combination show near-unity PL QY and improved chemical stability compared to the previous synthetic route. Furthermore, we find no sign of Ge incorporation in the QDs (compositionally or energetically). The ensuing QD solar cells deliver power conversion efficiency of 12.15% and retain 85% of its peak performance after storage over 90 days. The PbI 2 /GeI 2 dual-source iodine synthetic approach presented here represents a more rational and robust route to high-quality CsPbI 3 QDs.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)798-807
Number of pages10
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number3
StatePublished - 12 Feb 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 American Chemical Society.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-71882


  • Gel2
  • photoluminescence quantum yield
  • quantum dots


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