Genome Annotation Provides Insight into Carbon Monoxide and Hydrogen Metabolism in Rubrivivax gelatinosus

Pin-Ching Maness, Carrie Eckert, Jianping Yu, Scott Noble, Karen Wawrousek, Jonas Korlach, Jin Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus Citations


We report here the sequencing and analysis of the genome of the purple non-sulfur photosynthetic bacterium Rubrivivax gelatinosus CBS. This microbe is a model for studies of its carboxydotrophic life style under anaerobic condition, based on its ability to utilize carbon monoxide (CO) as the sole carbon substrate and water as the electron acceptor, yielding CO2 and H2 as the end products. The CO-oxidation reaction is known to be catalyzed by two enzyme complexes, the CO dehydrogenase and hydrogenase. As expected, analysis of the genome of Rx. gelatinosus CBS reveals the presence of genes encoding both enzyme complexes. The CO-oxidation reaction is CO-inducible, which is consistent with the presence of two putative CO-sensing transcription factors in its genome. Genome analysis also reveals the presence of two additional hydrogenases, an uptake hydrogenase that liberates the electrons in H2 in support of cell growth, and a regulatory hydrogenase that senses H2 and relays the signal to a two-component system that ultimately controls synthesis of the uptake hydrogenase. The genome also contains two sets of hydrogenase maturation genes which are known to assemble the catalytic metallocluster of the hydrogenase NiFe active site. Collectively, the genome sequence and analysis information reveals the blueprint of an intricate network of signal transduction pathways and its underlying regulation that enables Rx. gelatinosus CBS to thrive on CO or H2 in support of cell growth.

Original languageAmerican English
Article numbere114551
Number of pages18
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number12
StatePublished - 5 Dec 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Wawrousek et al.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-2700-61988


  • CO dehydrogenase
  • hydrogen
  • Hydrogenase
  • photosynthetic bacteria
  • Rubrivivax gelatinosus


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