GMLC Survey of Distributed Energy Resource Interconnection and Interoperability Standards

David Narang, Michael Ingram, Steve Widergren, Sigifredo Gonzalez, S.M.S. Alam, Theodore Bohn, Yaosuo Xue, Rich Brown, Janie Page, Mary Piette, Samanvitha Murthy, Manish Mohanpurkar

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


This document reports on the Grid Modernization Laboratory Consortium effort to identify gaps in standards for the interconnection and interoperability of distributed energy resources (DERs). The project extended a 3-year period from 2017 to 2019. Under the work plan, the team identified standards and test procedures related to interconnection and interoperability, grouped under the broad headings of their primary applicable technology domain: automotive, responsive loads, photovoltaic inverters, inverter-based energy storage, machine-based DERs, and microgrids. The team then conducted a gap analysis by comparing the current standards to the expected future requirements needed for specific grid services. Overall, gaps could be any activity needed to harmonize requirements among standards development organizations, minimize conflicting requirements among technology domains, or streamline conformance test procedures.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages101
StatePublished - 2021

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5D00-77497


  • DER
  • distributed energy resource
  • GMLC
  • Grid Modernization Laboratory Consortium
  • interconnection
  • interoperability
  • standards


Dive into the research topics of 'GMLC Survey of Distributed Energy Resource Interconnection and Interoperability Standards'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this